HOW PSYCHIATRY IS MAKING DRUG ADDICTS OUT OF AMERICA'S SCHOOL CHILDREN

By Dennis H. Clarke

This copy thanks to http://www.crl.com/~rebrooks/drugkids.htm


Contents

 INTRODUCTION
This information is for you to use
HOW CHILDREN BECOME "MENTALLY ILL"
HOW THE CHILD IS LABELED
GETTING THE PARENTS TO BUY THE "DIAGNOSIS"
CHEMICAL IMBALANCE?
BLACKMAIL
BIRTH TRAUMA?
MAKING NOTHING OF THE CHILD
HOW DOES RITALIN WORK?
WHAT IS RITALIN?
RITALIN ON THE "STREETS"
HEROIN OR RITALIN
WARNING SUICIDE WARNING
PSYCHIATRY DRUGGING OUR CHILDREN
THE HAZARDOUS EFFECTS OF RITALIN (METHYLPHENIDATE)
A. PHYSICAL HAZARDOUS EFFECTS OF RITALIN (METHYLPHENIDATE)
B. HAZARDOUS RITALIN OVERDOSAGE
C. HAZARDOUS HEART DISORDERS CAUSED BY RITALIN
4) WARNING: HEART ATTACKS
D. HAZARDOUS BLOOD DISORDERS CAUSED BY RITALIN
E. HAZARDOUS BRAIN DAMAGE AND BRAIN DISORDERS CAUSED BY RITALIN
F. HAZARDOUS BODY DISORDERS CAUSED BY RITALIN
G. HAZARDOUS PHYSICAL CONTRAINDICATIONS TO RITALIN USE ON CHILDREN
H. HAZARDOUS MENTAL AND EMOTIONAL DISORDERS CAUSED BY RITALIN
I. HAZARDOUS MENTAL AND EMOTIONAL CONTRAINDICATIONS TO RITALIN USE
REFERENCES
Refs 1-41 published in the International Journal of Addiction
This data is offered as a public service.

INTRODUCTION

This information has something to do with you. Children are the future of this civilization. What affects this society's children affects the society you live in now and the society you will live in tomorrow. Even if you have no children of your own, or if your own children have grown beyond school age, you will be affected by what is going on. This information is for you to use.

This Information Letter is not intended to be a complete work on the subject of the drugging of America's children. As this is being printed in 1995, there are over two million of America's children on some of the most dangerous and addictive drugs known to man. These are mind altering and often brain damaging and addictive prescription psychiatric drugs. The files of documents on this subject are quite extensive. Other Information Letters will follow in this series and will contain more data about this for your use.

What follows is a brief summary of the data which is central to an understanding of the subject. We will begin with a description of the manner in which parents and teachers have been convinced to drug their children. The process is begun by indicating there may be something wrong with the child and evolves into a belief on the part of the parent that the child is "mentally ill."

The net result of this conclusion on the part of the parent is that the parent distances himself or herself from the child and turns the child over to the professionals to deal with. These children are then drugged as "therapy."

This Information Letter will also discuss the drugs that are central to this so-called therapy and how the prescription of these drugs has built into this country, the hard core of the drug addicts we now have.

You will learn that one of the most commonly prescribed drugs for children in America is chemically and neurologically equivalent to cocain in its effects on the human body. You will no doubt find this information startling. We have also found it so.

It is not always easy to confront evil. Nonetheless, the evil being done to millions of children in America needs to be confronted and ended, no matter who stands behind or profits from the evil deed of making drug addicts out of America's children.

 

HOW CHILDREN BECOME "MENTALLY ILL"

Labeling a child, "mentally ill," is like hanging a sign around his or her neck saying, "GARBAGE: take it away.", Thomas S. Szasz, M.D., Professor of Psychiatry.

How do children as young as eighteen months become drug addicts? The answer is they were "diagnosed" and labeled as having a new "mental illness." Pediatricians and psychiatrists then "treat the mental illness" with some of the most dangerous and addictive substances known to man. The result for far too many of these children is a personal disaster.

Today, under psychiatry's invented criteria, there isn't a single normal childhood activity which doesn't fall within the broad "symptoms" which comprise so-called "mental illness." Some of the labels are: Attention Deficit Disorder, Hyperactivity, Minimal Brain Dysfunction, Learning Disability, Impulse disorder, Developmental Reading Disorder, Developmental Writing Disorder, developmental Arithmetic Disorder.

As a result of psychiatry pushing these labels for children, millions are being drugged and there has been a massive increase in the number of children in mental institutions over the past five years. The "criteria" under which a child gets labeled are so broad that if a teacher decides for any reason that a child is a "problem," there is no way the child can escape"diagnosis" and a label. It also appears that the less skilled the teacher, the greater the likelihood that there will be a problem with some children. Usually, these are the brightest and most active children in a class. Psychiatrists admit that the majority of the children being put on Ritalin are above average in I.Q. Of course, the child is always blamed for the problem.

It is known that if a child doesn't understand something he or she is being taught, the child can begin to fidget and cease to pay attention. If the teacher fails to notice this and carries on past the misunderstanding without clearing it up with the child, the child's behavior will deteriorate. The child then is accused of "not paying attention" or in psychiatric psycho-babble, is said to have "an attention deficit." Thus the child ends up labeled as having one of the new "mental illnesses."

Perhaps you doubt this is happening. You have every right to doubt it, for it is almost incredible. As you read further you will discover for yourself the so-called medical and scientific "criteria" for labeling the child. We encourage you to find and read for yourself the psychiatric texts we are about to refer to here. Remember, it is upon these criteria that children by the millions are being addicted to drugs like Ritalin, a drug which is chemically and neurologically equivalent to cocaine in its affect on the child's body. Bear in mind as well that once the child is "diagnosed " and labeled, the destiny of the child is no longer in the hands of his or her parents. The child is now, at least unofficially, a ward of the psychiatrist and subject to psychiatry's vested (money) interest in the child's so-called "insanity" or "mental disorder." A parents rights to refuse treatment of the child may be severely limited by law in some States.

 

HOW THE CHILD IS LABELED

What is "Attention Deficit Disorder"? Who "diagnoses" it? How is it treated? What are the results of that treatment? Who pays the bill? How is it that a "disease" no one even heard of a few years ago has swept through our children in our schools? Is this a more serious epidemic than AIDS? Is it contagious? Can you catch it from your children? Let's see if we can answer these questions from the writings of the "experts" who invented the "disease."

The American Psychiatric Association publishes a text called "The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders." This has been translated into German and forms the accepted guidelines for what are considered to be "mental illnesses," or as they are more modernly referred to, "mental disorders." The text is now in its third edition which was revised in 1987. It is generally referred to by its abbreviated title for its revised edition as DSM-III-R.

This reference text is the "bible"of the psychiatric industry. The "diagnostic numbers" for each specific label are accepted internationally and are used by the World Health Organization and the World Federation of Mental Health.

One of those numbers is 314.01 which indicates the "Diagnostic Criteria for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder" from the DSM-III-R. Millions of America's children have been labeled with this so-called disorder and put on Ritalin. See how for yourself. The following are the "criteria" for this "disease" taken directly without change from the psychiatric text.

 A. A disturbance of at least six months during which at least eight of the following are present:
(1) [the child] often fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat. (in adolescents, may be limited to subjective feelings of restlessness)
(2) [this child] has difficulty remaining seated when required to do so
(3) [the child] is easily distracted
(4) [the child] has difficulty awaiting turn in games or group situations
(5) [the child] often blurts out answers to questions before they have been completed
(6) [the child] has difficulty following through on instructions from others, example, fails to finish chores
(7) [the child] has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities
(8) [the child] often shifts from one uncompleted activity to another
(9) [the child] has difficulty playing quietly
(10) [the child] often talks excessively
(11) [the child] often interrupts or intrudes on others, example, butts into other children's games
(12) [the child] often does not seem to listen to what is being said to him or her
(13) [the child] often loses things necessary for tasks or activities at school or at home, examples, toys, pencils, books, assignments
(14) [the child] often engages in physically dangerous activities without considering the possible consequences, (example, runs into the street without looking).
 B. Onset before the age of seven.
C. Does not meet the criteria for Pervasive Developmental Disorder.
  

These criteria would seem rather funny if they didn't result in these children being turned into drug addicts, criminals and lunatics by the prescriptions which follow. Invariably, those prescriptions alter brain chemistry, function and structure, thus altering the chemistry, function and structure of the body as a whole.

Ritalin and dozens of other psychiatric drugs are intended to do exactly that. The alteration of brain and body chemistry, function and structure result in what are called side effects which are actually the direct effects of these alterations. This is being done, for the most part, without any warning or with minimal warnings to the parents and with no warning whatsoever to the ultimate consumer and victim, the child. This is also being done by individuals engaged in a for profit industry.

If these are "medical criteria," Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a fraud being perpetrated on the parents, teachers and children of America by the psychiatric industry which is in constant need of new customers and by greedy drug manufacturers cashing in on this nations generous medical insurance and ignorance. The psychiatrists and drug companies win and the children and the future of society lose. It is as simple as that.

Attention Deficit Disorder is in fact, in the eyes of the beholder. It is seen by those with a vested interest in seeing it. When the occasional child is seen who is actually out of control, this "diagnosis" prevents discovery of the actual cause. What actual cause? The list could be almost endless, but the obvious ones are:

1. Undiagnosed and untreated physical illness or a physical condition causing the child distress such as inner ear infection, tooth ache, allergic reactions,

2. Physical abuse of the child at home or elsewhere in the environment including sexual abuse,

3. Study difficulties requiring personal attention to work through them with the child.

 

Some healthy children are more active than other healthy children and in fact the activity levels and attention spans normal children vary widely, even within the same family. The activity level of children changes over time as well, and this is a natural phenomena. It is far too easy today to label children so they can be shunted aside to then be chemically straight jacketed with the potent "speed" type chemicals like Ritalin and the amphetamines which are used interchangeably to subdue such children. The sole purpose for giving a child one of these drugs is to shut him up and to make it difficult for him to move. There is no other purpose because that is what these drugs are intended to do: make a quieter, less active child. Tragically, that is not all that they do.

 

GETTING THE PARENTS TO BUY THE "DIAGNOSIS"

The first task of the psychiatrist or other person who wants to drug and subdue the child is to get parents to agree to the "diagnosis." Thus, the "diagnosis" has to be presented as though it really means something. In actuality, it usually means that someone or several people are angry with the child for moving and making noise.

Parents are often told or led to believe that there is a real or scientific or even medical basis for the "diagnosis." This is an utter falsehood. There are only two "criteria" for what "attention deficit hyperactivity disorder" is. The first is listed above in the fourteen points of which the child needs eight. The second is based on the need for income on the part of the drug company and the psychiatrists and other so-called mental health workers.

While some psychologists and psychotherapists claim to have "other criteria" for "diagnosing" the child, these are based on the fourteen above and the result as far as the child is concerned is the same. The only difference is that more money is paid out to different people to do the mumbo jumbo of labeling the child.

 

CHEMICAL IMBALANCE?

One of the people who wants to drug and subdue the child, perhaps a psychiatrist, psychologist or school official may tell the parent that the child has a chemical imbalance in his brain. This is the standard line usually tried first on the parent. This is very upsetting to hear from an authority figure. It is a lie and an attempt to overwhelm the parent. As a parent, you have a right to know which if any chemical is out of balance and what brain test was used to measure that chemical. You have a right to know exactly how it would be brought back into balance if it could be found.

The truth is that you have a right to know that this is all an invention. Most of what you will hear is pure unfounded false "science" and is the product of the ravings of a single of psychiatrists in the US who first put it out as "theory" to attract drug company funding to his university. The theory, thus funded became the basis for a multi-billion dollar industry world wide which has attracted psychiatrists, pediatricians, insurance companies, school officials and teachers, all of whom profit, along with the drug companies, all at the ultimate expense of the children.

The truth is that there is no such test and there is no chemical imbalance other than the one Ritalin will create. The logic of the chemical imbalance is reversed to create an illogic but a profitable illogic for the psychiatric industry.

In real life, it works like this: The parent is told that a chemical imbalance is suspected. They are then told that the way to find out is to give the child Ritalin for a few days or weeks and to see if the child's behavior and attention span improves. When the drug is ingested, the child slows down and stares straight ahead quietly, thus giving the impression that he is paying attention. "Success" is thus dramatic and highly praised by all. With this change, brought on by the extremely potent drug, the psychiatrist says, "See, I was right. There was a chemical imbalance."

This is like checking to see if the child is sober by giving him alcohol to see if he gets drunk or giving him cocaine to find out if he was normal. In fact, as alcohol would make the child drunk, giving a child who has not yet entered puberty cocaine or Ritalin, would put the child into a stupor. The drug overwhelms the child's central nervous system and chemically straightjackets the child. Thus, the child would appear quieter and less active. In fact the child is less there and the psychiatrist says that he is "attending better." The only major difference between giving the child cocaine or Ritalin is that you would have to give the child more cocaine orally than you would give the child Ritalin orally to get the same result.

These children are not suffering from a cocaine or Ritalin deficiency. The practice of drugging children to quiet them while turning them into drug addicts should be completely illegal. The only real imbalance Ritalin and cocaine are curing is the imbalance in the bank accounts of the drug pushers who are turning America's school children into drug addicts.

 

BLACKMAIL

No technique is too low when it comes to "convincing" parents to put a child on one of the most dangerous and addictive substances known to man. The parent is often told that the child's grades will suffer or continue to suffer unless the child is put on Ritalin. Most parents just accept this without question. In fact, it is false and is simply blackmail. Parents who are told this should immediately demand to see the medical and scientific studies which prove that Ritalin or cocaine for that matter improve a child's ability to learn, retain information and use what he is being taught. Even the manufacturer of Ritalin makes no claim that the drug has ever improving a child's ability to learn or retain or remember data. If any drug could actually do such a thing, it would have been in the headlines all over the world and no doubt, the inventors would be famous.

Instead, a devious system of marketing is used where in local advocates make false claims for the "miracle drug," which are miraculously never put right by the manufacturer. The manufacturer thus makes billions in profits while children are being made into drug addicts. Ritalin and cocain are not "smart pills." In fact, just the opposite is true. There is ample long term outcome data to show that in fact these children suffer myriad ill effects.

What this "smart pill" is really about is that if you allow your child to be drugged to a point where he is no longer bothering anyone, you will be rewarded with a better report card to go with your addicted child. Do not be led astray by the so-called scientific studies that say that Ritalin improves the child's ability to "attend" to tasks or complete work. For every so-called success story, there are dozens of shattered childhoods and lives. The author of this article has seen hundreds of the latter. Psychiatric mumbo jumbo or psycho-babble aside, it is your child's life that is on the line. Your child is too important to be left to the "experts." Those experts have presided over crashing SAT test scores throughout this Ritalin generation. The children put on Ritalin were usually the brightest and most active in their group.

 

BIRTH TRAUMA?

One of the lowest and meanest tricks used to convince the parent to drug the child is to say that the child probably suffered an undetectable form of brain damage during a difficult birth or during a trauma in the womb. This tends to introvert the parent and make her feel guilty so she will follow the commands of the psychiatrist.

The psychiatrist has lied. This "brain damage" line was developed and used as a theory which resulted in millions of children in the United States and Canada being labeled and drugged as "minimally brain damaged." What were the criteria to show the brain damage? They were the same as the criteria for attention deficit disorder. The neurological societies in America put an end to this fraud there.

It was at that point that psychiatrists on behalf of the American Psychiatric Association invented attention deficit disorder to take its place. There never was any brain damage. Actual brain damage is visible on the EEG tests and with other newer instruments. It is not "treated" with brain damaging and addictive drugs like Ritalin or cocaine. The last thing one should do to a child with real brain damage is to damage the child further with Ritalin.

 

MAKING NOTHING OF THE CHILD

The psychiatrist who drugs children will attribute all "bad" things done by the child to "mental illness." He will say that these will be handled by the drug. After drugging the child, he will attribute all good things done by the child to his treatment or to the effects of the drug. This is simply more hocus-pocus and psycho babble. Children were children long before Ritalin and psychiatrists, and will continue to be children long after Ritalin and psychiatry are only found in the history books. While making nothing of the future of the race and making drug addicts of them is currently condoned, it is only a matter of time before this practice is outlawed. This is a criminal pursuit and should be labeled as such.

 

HOW DOES RITALIN WORK?

First, how does Ritalin work? According to the manufacturer, no one knows. What has been known since the late 1930's is that if you give a child who has not yet entered puberty a stimulant, it has an opposite effect to the effect it would have on an adult. Instead of "speeding" the child up, it apparently overwhelms the child's central nervous system and cuts the child's motors. The child goes into a stuporous state, the depth of which is determined by the milligrams of the drug, per kilogram (2.2 pounds), of the child's body weight. While no study has ever shown an increase in a child's ability to learn while on Ritalin, studies have shown that any amount in excess of .5 milligrams per kilogram of body weight is a detriment to learning. The higher the dose, the greater the impairment of the child's ability to gain, retain and use data. Almost all children on the drug are given doses far in excess of this amount. In addition, the other direct effects of Ritalin and the amphetamines which will be covered later in this article are also potential, even in the smallest dose ranges. The effects of Ritalin, amphetamines and cocaine, including the side effects are in fact indistinguishable.

It should be noted as well that when children who have not entered puberty are given depressants, narcotics, barbiturates or even antihistamines, all of which are normally central nervous system depressants or "downers," these act like stimulants on children. Parents giving their children phenobarbital or codeine in cough syrup may experience the "speeded up" activity of the child and not know why. It is a central nervous system reaction to the drug.

In addition, Ritalin is classified and controlled around the world by international treaty among all members of the World Health Organization in the same way and under the same laws as cocaine. The governments of the world know what the parents and teachers are never told.

 

WHAT IS RITALIN?

Frankly, Ritalin is one of the most dangerous and addictive substances known to man. It is an extremely potent stimulant, a "speed" type drug, or "upper" as it is known to and is in high demand by "street" addicts. In the human body, its effect is chemically and neurologically equivalent to cocaine or the amphetamines.

While Ritalin is a different chemical from cocaine and the amphetamines, it has almost an identical effect with two important differences. First, milligram per milligram, Ritalin is more potent than cocaine or amphetamines. Second, the effects of Ritalin last longer than cocaine or the amphetamines.

Ritalin, when used on children, is given orally rather than being injected, snorted or smoked as with methamphetamine and cocaine. But the use of cocaine or amphetamines orally would have the same effect as Ritalin on the child, with the only difference being that more cocaine or amphetamine would be needed to get the same effect. It should be known that experienced addicts are unable to distinguish injected cocaine from injected Ritalin or injected amphetamines.

 

RITALIN ON THE "STREETS"

Before going into Ritalin used on children, this datum about the "street" use of injected Ritalin must be taken up as it is very important. Shockingly, over the past five years, injected Ritalin has become the number one heroin substitute in North America. This illegal use of the drug is now gaining acceptance with some addicts here in Germany. With the new push by psychiatrists to make the drug more widely used, Ritalin is now being found in use by the "street" addicts all over Europe.

While this article is mainly about the use of Ritalin on America's school children, the use of Ritalin on children creates a large "legal" market for Ritalin this is also then used as a cover for illegal purposes. As you will see, one of the most important immediate impacts of Ritalin use on children is that it is also then "diverted" and sold on the street illegally to heroin addicts for their use.

One may question whether it might not be better to have heroin addicts addicted instead to a "legal" prescription drug like Ritalin. The answer is a definite NO! The example of Vancouver B.C. in Canada and that city's experience with Ritalin as a "street" drug and a heroin substitute shows us why.

On the street, Ritalin is mixed with pain killers like Talwin or Percodan and injected like heroin. The similarities end there. The combination of Ritalin and a pain killer is called a "speed ball." Some addicts have described it as "speeding and feeling no pain." It has been said that "their feet never touch the ground." That is the immediate euphoric affect of the drug on the addict. In addition to the extensive list of hazardous and consequential effects of this drug when used as prescribed, and which is printed in the last section of this brochure, there are other devastating effects and social impacts of the drug when used by the addict. Some of the more important ones follow. These lessons were learned the hard way in Vancouver B.C., Canada. They are passed on in hope that the same mistakes can be avoided here.

 

HEROIN OR RITALIN

While the average heroin addict normally uses heroin two to three times a day, the Ritalin addict will try to "shoot up" every 90 to 120 minutes. The combination of Ritalin and a pain killer is apparently far more addictive and harder to "kick" that heroin. The effect of the euphoria caused by the injection ends in one to two hours and is followed by an intolerable "crash." Addicts have described this "crash" as a nosedive into the oblivion of intolerable depression. The addict is thus driven to get the next needle and will do anything to get it. Some Ritalin addicts will inject the substance in combination with a pain killer up to 20 times per day.

According to confidential police sources, the cost of a Ritalin "speed ball" in 1995 in the US is sixty to eighty dollars. The addicts must steal five to seven times the value of his habit in goods and merchandise in order to get the money to feed his habit. In the late Eighties, in Vancouver B.C., as the heroin addicts in shifted from heroin use to Ritalin "speed balls," the burglary rate in the city rocketed 105% in one nine month period. It has remained at that level an higher since. Child addicts there and in places like Minneapolis aged nine to fourteen were found to be selling their bodies in prostitution to get their Ritalin "speed balls."

In Vancouver, poor families with no history of drug dealing were suddenly recruited into lives of crime by the huge profits to be made by selling Ritalin, which was prescribed for their children, to former heroin addicts who were now addicted to Ritalin.

The injection of Ritalin destroys the vein at the sight of the injection and often the needle mark will become infected with sores that will not heal. The addicts will often use up and ruin the usual veins in the arms, legs, hands and feet and begin "shooting" under fingernails and under the tongue and eventually will "shoot" into the neck and have even been known to use veins around the eyeball.

Because of the urgency on the part of the Ritalin "speed ball" addict to "fix," hygiene is almost completely omitted. Needles are often shared, and for this reason epidemics of Hepatitis and AIDS, as well as the often overlooked syphilis, have hit the addict populations. These are then transmitted by contact with prostitutes or through casual sex.

As with heroin use and for that matter the use of methadone (see Information Letter #3 : Heroin and Methadone addiction, Needle Parks and Psychiatric Terrorism), the addict is too "stoned" by the Ritalin "speed ball" to work. He or she cannot keep a schedule or care for self or a family without turning to crime. This is often a life of prostitution with theft its natural companion. In desperation these Ritalin addicts will often turn to more serious crime.

Later in this article, it is pointed out that Ritalin can create a distinctly anti-social frame of mind in the addict whether that addict is a school child or an adult. In the book, "Predicting Dependence Liability of Stimulant and Depressant Drugs," by the medical researchers Klaus R. Unna, M.D., Professor, Department of Pharmacology, University of Illinois at the Medical Center, Chicago and Travis Thompson, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Psychology and psychiatry, University of Minnesota, they say the following:

Perhaps the best-known effect of chronic stimulant administration is psychosis. Psychosis has been associated with chronic use of several stimulants; e.g., amphetamines, METHYLPHENIDATE (RITALIN), phenmetrazine and cocaine... [This] psychosis mimics paranoid schizophrenia or paranoia so closely that it has been misdiagnosed as such by experienced clinicians many times.
 

As you will learn, psychosis is only the beginning of consequential adverse effects of altering, perhaps permanently, Ritalin. States of extreme paranoia (where the person thinks all others are out to harm him or her) are common. Many very horrible crimes have been committed by people using Ritalin. Police in Vancouver recently reported crimes of all types were up in that city as a result of Ritalin use. The police chief said that 80% of the crime in Vancouver would cease if Ritalin could be taken off the market. This situation is now well underway in Europe and the US as well.

WARNING SUICIDE WARNING

Before preceding any further with the data about the drugging of children with Ritalin, a special warning must be given regarding withdrawal from Ritalin. Ritalin is a very dangerous and addictive substance. After learning of the extreme dangers associated with Ritalin use, a parent may rightly decide to take the child off this drug. This should be done with the following well understood. The longer a child is on Ritalin the greater the potential is for serious consequences to occur. The following warning is based on a study of the medical literature on the subject of Ritalin withdrawal and actual case studies:

WARNING: According to the American Psychiatric Association, SUICIDE is the major adverse consequence of withdrawal from Ritalin and similar drugs. Suicides and attempted suicides by children on Ritalin have occurred when the drug was withdrawn or the dosage reduced. Suicides and attempted suicides have also occurred at normal dose levels without warning. Children should be watched for any signs of drug induced depression or other mental disturbance as these are common with the use of such powerful chemicals, particularly for periods lasting a week or longer. The effects of the drug may be cumulative within the brain and so the onset of adverse reactions such as suicidal thinking may be sudden and occur without warning. Special precautions should be taken during withdrawal or reduction in the amount used. Withdrawal or reduction of the amount of the substance used may also "unmask" drug induced states of severe paranoid delusional or psychotic states which can last for a year or longer after the last use of the drug. For this reason, children on Ritalin may hide their feelings and thoughts so no one will interfere with their attempt to destroy themselves.

 

PSYCHIATRY DRUGGING OUR CHILDREN

Why would a parent allow a psychiatrist to put his or her child on such a dangerous drug? If you have been asking that question, you are not alone. Later in the brochure there is a partial list of the hazardous effects of Ritalin as they have been noted in the medical literature. These help to answer the question "why" from the viewpoint of the parent. The answer is that parents and teachers are almost never told what Ritalin is or the harmful effect it can have on the child. If they knew the actual "criteria" which comprise the so-called mental disorder and they knew the facts about the drug, there would not be enough children on Ritalin to justify its being manufactured.

Psychiatrists are telling parents and teachers that, in effect, these children are "mentally ill" or "mentally disordered." They are told that the situation is desperate and that "early intervention" in the form of "medicine" is needed to "save the child from a life of misery, criminality or worse."

Some parents and teachers are told that Ritalin will make it easier for the child to learn and retain data. This is also a false claim and is probably the biggest lie being promoted and told about Ritalin. Ritalin is not a "smart pill." In fact, it is the opposite of a "smart pill" The vast majority of children on Ritalin have either no improvement in their scholastic achievement or their actual achievement scores will deteriorate, sometimes drastically over time.

What is the long term outlook for children raised on Ritalin on a daily or almost daily basis? Exactly what you would expect if your child were raised on cocaine on a daily or almost daily basis. An American National Institute For Mental Health funded study, tells the sad tale:

Forty-six percent of the children raised on Ritalin are charged with at least one major felony by the age of eighteen.
Thirty percent are charged with two or more such crimes by the age of eighteen.
Twenty-five percent of these children are institutionalized in mental institutions or prisons by the age of eighteen.
Fifteen percent will threaten, attempt or actually commit suicide by the age of eighteen.

Rather than solving any problems, the mass drugging of America's school children has caused a massive crime wave and a wave of child suicide which has no precedent anywhere or any time in History. Prior to 1970, when Ritalin use began to be commonplace in our schools, child suicide was virtually unheard of. Today, it is an epidemic.

 

THE HAZARDOUS EFFECTS OF RITALIN (METHYLPHENIDATE)

A. PHYSICAL HAZARDOUS EFFECTS OF RITALIN (METHYLPHENIDATE)

 1) WARNING: Suicides and attempted suicides by children on Ritalin have occurred when the drug was withdrawn or the dosage reduced. Suicides and attempted suicides have also occurred at normal dose levels without warning. Children should be watched for any signs of drug induced depression or other mental disturbance as these are common with the use of such powerful chemicals, particularly for periods lasting a week or longer. The effects of the drug may be cumulative within the brain and so the onset of adverse reactions such as suicidal thinking may be sudden and occur without warning. Special precautions should be taken during withdrawal or reduction in the amount used. Withdrawal or reduction of the amount of the substance used may also "unmask" drug induced states of severe paranoid delusional or psychotic states which can last for a year or longer after the last use of the drug. For this reason, children on Ritalin may hide their feelings and thoughts so no one will interfere with their attempt to destroy themselves.

 During Ritalin withdrawal or reduction of the amount of Ritalin used, the child can exhibit depression, irritability and anxiety. Fatigue with an inability to sleep or a need for continuous sleep may be seen. States of "driven" physical activity and agitation can be noticed.

Symptoms usually peak within two to four days although depression and irritability may persist for months. Suicide risk can persist for years. Studies have shown that approximately fifteen percent of the children on Ritalin will threaten, attempt or actually commit suicide by the age of eighteen. Psychiatrists almost always mis-diagnose the withdrawal effects of Ritalin as "underlying mental illness coming to the surface."

What has more likely occurred is that the drugging of the child has created a severe chemical disturbance in the child's brain and body, the symptoms of which have been hidden by the straightjacketing effects of Ritalin.

The longer the child is on the drug, the more severe this disturbance can become. It may be permanent in some of its manifestations. The solution is a drug free withdrawal from the drug and attention to the child's nutritional needs and rest under the care of a competent non-psychiatric medical doctor who is familiar with this data. : 11,42

 

B. HAZARDOUS RITALIN OVERDOSAGE:

 (2) WARNING: Ritalin overdose causes over stimulation of the central nervous system and can lead to death. Signs and symptoms of overdose include the following: Vomiting, agitation, tremors, exaggeration of reflexes, muscle twitching, euphoria, confusion, hallucinations, delirium, sweating, flushing, headache, abnormally rapid and/or irregular heart beat, pounding heart, high arterial blood pressure, pupil dilation, dryness of mucous membranes, high fever and convulsions which may be followed by coma and death.

 If Ritalin overdosage occurs, intensive and immediate medical care must be provided to maintain adequate blood circulation and breathing. External cooling may be required to prevent brain damage due to extremely high body temperature which may lead to convulsions, coma and death. Therefore, if Ritalin overdosage is suspected, one should seek immediate emergency medial treatment.

3) WARNING: Ritalin should not be mixed with so-called anti-depressant drugs. These can cause a dangerous drug interaction and reactions may include hypertension, seizures, and hypothermia. If these occur, immediate emergency medical attention should be sought and secured. : 39

C. HAZARDOUS HEART DISORDERS CAUSED BY RITALIN

NOTE: SEE WARNING NUMBER 131.

4) WARNING: RITALIN USE HAS BEEN IMPLICATED IN THE DEATHS OF CHILDREN DUE TO HEART ATTACK DURING STRENUOUS PLAY.

Deaths of children on Ritalin caused by heart attack during play have occurred. One such case involved a 12 year old boy who had been on Ritalin for four years. The child had from time to time been noted as having a rapid irregular heartbeat. This was considered not to be a problem at the time. One day during the exertion of running the child fell to the ground with a very rapid and irregular heart beat, shortness of breath and chest pain. He was rushed to a hospital where the Doctor who had put the child on Ritalin examined him. The doctor assured the mother that there was no real problem with this incident and that it was caused by the Ritalin. The mother was told to continue the Ritalin dose and that this type of incident "will happen from time to time and you need not worry about it."

One week later, the child fell from his bicycle and died at the road side of a heart attack. An autopsy performed on the child revealed the product of years of irregular and occasionally rapid irregular heart beat. The child had a greatly enlarged heart due to the heart muscles working against each other during the phases of irregular beating of the organ.

5) DEATHS DURING ATHLETIC CONTESTS HAVE BEEN TRACED TO AMPHETAMINE USE: 41

6) CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIA: 11

 An irregular or erratic heart beat or variation from the normal rhythm of the heart. See 6. above.

7) PALPITATIONS: 11

8) TACHYCARDIA: 11

 Abnormal rapid heart beat. Hold your child and you will feel it.

9) INCREASED BLOOD PRESSURE: 3,6,12,15,27

10) INCREASED PULSE RATE: 12

11) POTENTIAL CARDIOVASCULAR COMPLICATIONS: 27

12) ANGINA: 11

 Angina means severe pain and constriction about the heart, also refers to a disease process in which spasmodic and painful suffocation or spasms occur. The complaints of children in this regard are often overlooked. They should not be. See #98 below.

D. HAZARDOUS BLOOD DISORDERS CAUSED BY RITALIN

 13) VASCULITIS: 11
 This is an inflammation of blood vessels.

14) THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA: 11

 A condition where there is a decrease in the part of the blood cell which coagulates the blood. This results in bleeding under the skin and accounts for the fact that children on Ritalin bruise easily. The bleeding under the skin produces a purple color to appear through the skin. Thus, the term "purpura."

15) LEUKOPENIA: 11

Reduction of white blood cells. This can lead to a lessening of immunity response to disease and a lessening of the child's ability to fight infection.

16) ANEMIA: 11

17) INJECTIONS OF RITALIN CAN LEAD TO DEATH: 45

E. HAZARDOUS BRAIN DAMAGE AND BRAIN DISORDERS CAUSED BY RITALIN

 18) LOWERS CONVULSIVE THRESHOLD: 11
 Ritalin apparently lowers the "convulsive threshold." This means that children with no previous history of epileptic seizures can become epileptic with seizures, convulsions or fits. All such seizures can cause permanent brain damage.

19) CONVULSIONS: 11,21

 See 18 above.

20) RITALIN CAN CAUSE GRAND MALL AND PETIT MAL EPILEPSY: 11

21) RITALIN MAKES EPILEPSY WORSE: 11

22) DON'T MIX WITH ANTI-EPILEPSY DRUGS: 11

23) STOP AT FIRST SIGN OF SEIZURES: 11

24) TOURETTE'S SYNDROME

 Ritalin can cause Tourette's Syndrome in children with no family history of this sometimes debilitating neurological disorder. This is a condition of central nervous system damage which manifests itself by the child developing involuntary movements of limbs of the body and the torso and the diaphragm can spasm causing the child to make barking or coughing sounds. In about sixty percent of cases of Tourette's syndrome, the child will develop a condition called coprolalia. This means literally, "dirty mouth," and is a condition where the child will shout or bark out swear or curse words. In the United States, where Ritalin has been used heavily for the past thirty years, the incidence of Tourette's syndrome has gone from one in every 200,000 of population to an epidemic of one in every 200 school children in the United States. Drug companies are currently trying to avoid law suites over the new cases of Tourette's syndrome by hiring "researchers" to theorize that the condition is hereditary. We are to believe that some children have a genetic "predisposition" to the central nervous system damage called Tourette's syndrome. These are probably the same children who have a genetic predisposition to becoming as flat as pancakes when run over by a bus.

25) BRAIN DAMAGE MAY BE SEEN WITH AMPHETAMINE ABUSE: 40, 45

26) POTENTIAL CEREBROVASCULAR COMPLICATIONS: 27

27) HEADACHE: 11

28) DIZZINESS: 11

29) FEVER: 11

High drug induced fever may be difficult to reduce without external cooling of the body. Often the child will complain of feeling cold and when the temperature of the child's body is taken the fever is discovered. If a high fever is allowed to continue, it can lead to convulsions, brain damage and death.

F. HAZARDOUS BODY DISORDERS CAUSED BY RITALIN

30) RITALIN CAN MUTATE THE CHILD BY NOT ALLOWING THE CHILD TO GROW TO FULL

SIZE, REDUCING BOTH HEIGHT AND WEIGHT: 11

31) HIGHLY ADDICTIVE: 42,44,45

32) LOSS OF APPETITE: 11

33) WEIGHT LOSS DURING PROLONGED USE: 11

34) NAUSEA: 11

35) ABDOMINAL PAIN: 11

36) DYSKINESIA: 11

Ritalin can cause involuntary movements of face, neck, mouth and limbs.

37) DROWSINESS: 11

38) VISUAL DISTURBANCES: 11

Ritalin causes the eyes to fail to work together. They may track objects at different rates.

39) SCALP HAIR LOSS: 11

40) DERMATOLOGICAL CONDITIONS: 11

41) ARTHRALGIA: 11

This is a common complaint of children on Ritalin. It means that their joints ache and the child often suffers continuously from this, as it is not considered "serious" by the psychiatrists.

Most physical complaints of children on the drug are ignored by the prescribing psychiatrists. Psychiatry after all is not concerned with the physical well being of the child. Their concern when putting a child on Ritalin is to silence the child and to chemically shackle the child.

NOTE: Many of these are called minor "side effects" of Ritalin. The psychiatric instruction is to continue with the drug over the child's complaints or to increase dosage until the child stops complaining. This is commonly done. If you as an adult were on a drug which was giving you a itchy scaly rash, causing you to bruise easily, was making your scalp hair fall out, made your joints ache constantly, made you nauseated, stunted your growth, both height and weight and all the while was turning you into a drug addict, etc., how long would you stay on the drug?

 

G. HAZARDOUS PHYSICAL CONTRAINDICATIONS TO RITALIN USE ON CHILDREN

 42) MANUFACTURER WARNS THAT RITALIN SHOULD NOT BE USED ON CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF SIX. THEY HAVE ONLY EXPERIMENTED WITH RITALIN ON CHILDREN OVER SIX AND THEREFORE CAN'T RECOMMEND IT FOR CHILDREN UNDER THAT AGE: 11

43) ALL ADVERSE REACTIONS MAY BE MORE FREQUENT IN THE ELDERLY AND CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF SIX.

44) ALL ADVERSE REACTIONS MAY BE MORE SEVERE IN THE ELDERLY AND IN CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF SIX: 11

The younger the child the greater the risk of all complication associated with the use of Ritalin. In spite of this, in some areas, psychiatrists routinely put babies from 18 months of age and older on Ritalin. This is often seen in institutional settings for orphans or in care homes for abused or abandoned children. These children are almost always mutated by Ritalin, reduced in growth, both size and weight.

45) DANGEROUSLY HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE MAY OCCUR IF RITALIN IS COMBINED WITH FOODS CONTAINING TYRAMINE: 11

46) DANGEROUS ALLERGIC REACTIONS CAN OCCUR IN THOSE WHO ARE HYPERSENSITIVE TO THE DRUG: 11

47) PERSONS WITH GLAUCOMA SHOULD NOT USE RITALIN: 11

The high blood pressures caused by Ritalin can blind persons with glaucoma

48) PERSONS WITH A HISTORY OF MOTOR TICS: 11

These can and have developed into full Tourette's syndrome on Ritalin.

49) PERSONS WITH A FAMILY HISTORY OF TOURETTE'S SYNDROME should not use Ritalin: 11

50) IT SEEMS INAPPROPRIATE TO USE IT IN USUAL CLINICAL PRACTICE: 5

 

H. HAZARDOUS MENTAL AND EMOTIONAL DISORDERS CAUSED BY RITALIN

 51) ANXIETY TENSION AGITATION: 42

52) NOT ON DEPRESSED CHILDREN: 11

53) CAN CONFUSE CHILD: 11

54) HAS COCAINE LIKE ACTIVITY: 12

55) HYPOMANIC AND MANIC SYMPTOMS: 1

56) SELF DEPRECATION: 2

57) PARANOID DELUSIONS: 2,3,4

58) INCREASED DELUSIONS: 3,5

59) ACTIVATES PREEXISTING DELUSIONS: 3,5,6

60) PARANOID PSYCHOSIS: 7,8

61) AMPHETAMINE LIKE PSYCHOSIS: 9

62) INCREASED PSYCHOSIS: 3,5,6

63) ACTIVATES PSYCHOTIC SYMPTOMS: 5,10

64) INCREASED PSYCHOSIS IN MANIC PATIENTS: 5

65) GREATER POTENCY RELATIVE TO AMPHETAMINES IN WORSENING PSYCHOSIS: 6,10

66) TOXIC PSYCHOSIS: 4,11,12

67) CAN SURPASS LSD IN PRODUCING BIZARRE EXPERIENCES: 14

68) HALLUCINATIONS: 3,13

69) VISUAL HALLUCINATIONS: 2,5

70) AUDITORY HALLUCINATIONS: 2,5

71) ACTIVATES PREEXISTING HALLUCINATIONS: 3,5,6

72) INCREASED HALLUCINATIONS: 5

73) EXACERBATES SCHIZOPHRENIA: 3,5,7,15,16,17,18,19

74) STIMULANTS COMMONLY PRECIPITATE PSYCHOTIC SYMPTOMS IN PATIENTS WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA WHO ARE NOT KNOWN TO BE CLINICALLY ILL WHEN THE DRUGS WERE PRESCRIBED: 20

75) EXACERBATES SYMPTOMS OF BEHAVIOR DISORDER AND THOUGHT DISTURBANCE

IN PSYCHOTIC CHILDREN: 11

76) EFFECTS PATHOLOGICAL THOUGHT PROCESSES: 3

77) INCREASES IN GLOBAL PSYCHOTIC TEST RATINGS: 3,5,6

78) INCREASES IN PATHOLOGICAL THOUGHT PROCESSES: 3

79) INCREASES IN AUTISM: 3,5

80) INCREASES IN BOUNDARY LOSS: 3

81) INCREASES IN DISORGANIZATION: 3

82) CAN GIVE NON-PSYCHOTIC PATHOLOGICAL THINKING: 3

83) CAUSES LOOSENING OF ASSOCIATION: 3,5

84) INCREASES CATATONIC SYMPTOMS: 3,5

85) INCREASES BIZARRE BEHAVIOR: 3

86) INCREASES IDIOSYNCRATIC THINKING: 3

87) ACTIVATES PROJECTIONS: 3

88) ACTIVATES UNCOMMON WORD ASSOCIATIONS: 3

89) MUTENESS: 5

90) WAXY FLEXIBILITY: 5

91) EXTREME WITHDRAWAL: 5

92) INACTIVITY: 5

93) PARTIAL DISASSOCIATION: 21

94) INAPPROPRIATE ANSWERS TO STANDARD QUESTIONS: 22

95) EXTREMELY DISTURBING FOR PATIENTS WITH PSYCHOSIS: 21

96) AGITATION: 7

97) INCREASED TALKATIVENESS: 3

98) NERVOUSNESS: 11

99) INCREASED INAPPROPRIATE AFFECT: 5

100) INCREASED FLATTENED AFFECT: 5

101) TERRIFIED AFFECT: 5

102) STARTED SCREAMING: 5

103) AGGRESSIVENESS: 5

104) ASSAULTIVENESS: 5

105) PANIC: 21

106) UNPLEASANT PRODUCTION OF TENSION: 21

107) CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM STIMULATION: 23

108) ANXIETY: 5,8,11,14,19,24,25,26

109) INSOMNIA: 11,42

110) RELIGIOUS PREOCCUPATIONS: 5

111) REBOUND DEPRESSIVE AFFECT: 19,21

112) SINCE RITALIN IS AN AMPHETAMINE-TYPE DRUG EXPECT AMPHETAMINE-LIKE EFFECTS: 6,12,18,27

113) AMPHETAMINES HAVE BEEN USED AS AGENTS OF TORTURE: 28

114) AMPHETAMINES INCREASE POSITIVE SYMPTOMS OF SCHIZOPHRENIA: 29

115) "PEP PILLS" ARE DANGEROUS: 30

116) PRODUCES PSYCHIC DEPENDENCE: 11,31

117) DRUG ABUSE: 4,5,7,12,14,18,32,33,42,43,44

118) HIGH ABUSE POTENTIAL DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION SCHEDULE II CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE. SCHEDULE II INCLUDES COCAINE, AMPHETAMINES, METHADONE, CODEINE AND OTHER ADDICTIVE LEGAL SUBSTANCES WITH A HIGH POTENTIAL FOR ADDICTION AND OR ABUSE. : 34

119) DECREASED REM SLEEP: 35 This precipitates psychotic states.

120) INCREASED EUPHORIA: 19 Symptomatic of chemically induced mental deterioration.

121) ABILITY TO HARM PATIENTS: 14,21,36

122) CREDIBILITY PROBLEMS WITH PATIENTS: 37,38 See suicide warnings.

123) ORGANIC BRAIN SYNDROME: 9 This means brain damage.

124) ANTIPSYCHOTIC DRUGS MAY NOT AFFECT THE INCREASE IN PSYCHOTIC RATINGS CAUSED BY RITALIN: 5,6

125) ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR: 11

I. HAZARDOUS MENTAL AND EMOTIONAL CONTRAINDICATIONS TO RITALIN USE

 126) ANXIETY, TENSION AGITATION, AND SEVERE DEPRESSION: 11,31

127) CONTRAINDICATED IN AGITATED DEPRESSION: 4

128) SEEMED DEFINITELY CONTRAINDICATED IN PSYCHOTIC AND PREPSYCHOTIC PATIENTS: 21

129) MONITOR CLOSELY ON OR AROUND ANYONE WITH A KNOWN HISTORY OF DRUG ABUSE PARTICULARLY AROUND PERSONS WITH NEEDLES AND INTRAVENOUS DRUG ABUSE

130) IT SEEMS INAPPROPRIATE TO USE RITALIN IN USUAL CLINICAL PRACTICE: 5

131) "WARNING: SUFFICIENT DATA ON THE SAFETY AND EFFICACY (EFFECTIVENESS) OF LONG TERM USE OF RITALIN IN CHILDREN ARE NOT YET AVAILABLE." Quoted from CIBA Pharmaceutical Company in a product information release.

This last warning comes after over fifty years that Ritalin has been around. In other words, if you have a child on Ritalin, and leave the child on for a "long term" which is not defined but can be assumed to mean over three weeks, you are on your own as far as CIBA Pharmaceutical Company is concerned. They have warned you.

Knowing what you now know, unless you were addicted to Ritalin, how long would you stay on Ritalin? How long should your child have to go through this?

Below is a list of references for you to use in speaking with physicians and school officials or others concerned with the matter of drugging children.


REFERENCES

1. A. Lazare (ed.). Outpatient Psychiatry diagnosis and Treatment, Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1979, p.263

2. 1. above, p. 340.

3. D.S. Janowski

4. T.C. McCormick and T.W McNeal. Acute Psychosis and Ritalin Abuse. Texas State Journal of Medicine. 59: 99-100 Feb. 1963.

5. D.S. Janowski et al. Provocation of schizophrenic symptoms by intravenous administration of methylphenidate. Archives of General Psychiatry 28: 185-191, February 1973.

6. D.S. Janowski and J.M. Davis. Methylphenidate, Dextroamphetamine, levamphetamine. Archives of General Psychiatry 33: 304-308, March 1976.

7. Lazara, note 1. above, p. 585

8. A.M. Ludwig. Anxiety and Substance Abuse. Psychiatric Annual. 9:19-26, October 1979

9. M.T. Eaton, Jr., M.H. Peterson, and J.A. Davis. Psychiatry Medical Outline Series, 3rd ed. New York: Medical Examination and Publishing Company.

10. A.M. Freedman, H.J. Kaplan, and B.J. Sedlock. Modern Synopsis of Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry II, 2nd

11. B.B. Huff (ed). Physicians Desk Reference, New Jersy: Mediced. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1976, p. 962 Medical Economics Company, 1983, p. 866

12. W.R. Martin et al, Psychologic, subjective and behavioral effects of amphetamines, methamphetamine, phenmetrazine and methylphenidate in man, Clinical Pharmacological Therapy, 12:245-257, 1971

13. A.G. Gilman, L.S. Goodman, and A. Gilman (eds.) Goodman and Gilman's: The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 5th ed. New York: Macmillan, 1975, p. 356

14. K.S.Ditman et al. Dimensions of LSD, methylphenidate and chlordiazepoxide experiences. Psychopharmacology (Berl.) 14:1-11, 1969

15. J.A. Lieberman et al. Methylphenidate challenge as a predictor of relapse in schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry 141: 633-638, May 1984

16. B. Angrist, J. Retresen, and S. Gershon. Response to apomorphine, amphetamine, and neuroleptics in schizophrenic subjects. Psychopharmacology 66: 31-38, 1980

17. D.P. Vam Kammen et al. d-Amphetamine-induced heterogenous changes in psychotic behavior in schizophrenics. American Journal of Psychiatry 139: 991-997, August 1982

18. R.J. Cadoret and L.J. King. Psychiatry in Primary Care, St. Louis: C.V. Mosby, 1974

19. R.C. Smith and J.M. Davis Comparative effects of d-amphetamine, l-amphetamine, and methylphenidate on mood in man. Psychopharmacology 53: 1-12, 1977.

20. M.A. Kropp and M.J. Chetson (eds.) Current Medical Diagnosis and Treatment. Los Altos California: Lange Medical Publications, 1981, p. 631.

21. G.A. Rogers. Methylphenidate interviews in psychotherapy. American Journal of Psychiatry 117: 549-550, December 1960.

22. B. Carey, M. Weber, and J.A. Smith, Methylphenidate hydrochloride (Ritalin) in the treatment of chronic schizophrenic patients. American Journal of Psychiatry 113: 546-547, December 1956.

23. Huff, note 11 above, p. 865.

24. G. Tollefson, et al. Anxiety and states benzodiazepines. AFP 27: 151-158, May 1983.

25. N.I.Stotland and L.M. Lesko. Anxiety and its management. Female Patient 8:19-34, 1983.

26. Lazare, note 1 above, p. 255.

27. D.S. Janowski et al. Comparison of oral and Intravenous methylphenidate. Psychopharmacology 59: 75-78, 1978.

28. A. Gellborn, Violations of Human Rights: Torture and the Medical Profession. New England Journal of Medicine 299; 358-359, August, 1978.

29. B. Angrist, J. Rotrosen, and S. Gershon. Differential effects of amphetamine and neuroleptics on negative vs. positive symptoms of schizophrenia. Psychopharmacology 72: 17-19,1980.

30. J.H. Talley. A useful patient handout in the management of depression. Family Physician 19:280-283, May, 1983.

31. E.S. Geftner (ed.) Compendium of Drug Therapy, New York: Biomedical Information Corporation, 1983-1984, p. 20:8

32. Table of Commonly Abused Drugs, Washington D.C.: American Psychiatric Press, p.1

33. Eaton et al. note 9 above, p. 244.

34. Schedules of Controlled Substances. Drug Enforcement Administration, 224, Wash. D.C., U.S. Department of Justice, DEA, December 1983, p.1.

35. V. Slomepovlos and L.O. Seneczke, Heterocyclic antidepressants in nonpsychiatric disorders. AFP 29: 203-208, March 1984.

36. A directory of the licensing law, Florida Board of Medical Examiners Newsletter 2: 1-6, January 1983.

37. R. Slavenko. Psychiatry and the Law. Boston: Little, Brown, 1973, p. 47.

38. Note 37, p. 50.

39. Lazare, note 1. above, p. 583.

40. Special Actions Office for Drug Abuse Prevention. Answers to the Most Frequently asked Questions About Drug Abuse. Wash. D.C.:Executive Office of the President; U.S. Government Printing Office, 1972, p. 15.

41. Note 40. p. 14.

 Note :The above references 1-41 were compiled by Richard Scarnati and published in the International Journal of Addictions, 21(7),p.837-841, 1986.

 

42. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd Ed. Rev. American Psychiatric Association, Washington D.C., 1987, p. 109-110, 134-138, 175-176.

43. G.C.Hodding, et al. Drug Withdrawal Syndromes, Western Journal of Medicine, March 1980, p. 383-389.

44. T. Thompson and K. R. Unna (eds.) Predicting Dependance Liability of Stimulant and Depressant Drugs, Baltimore, University Park Press, p. 81-83.

45. K. Whyte et al. Silent Scourge: How Two Obscure Prescription Drugs Cause Most of Our Crime. Western Report 2:2 1987, p. 38-44, Interwest Pub. Ltd. Edmonton Alberta, Canada.

47. J. Satterfield, et al Therapeutic Interventions to Prevent Delinquency in Hyperactive Boys, J. Amer. Acad. Child Adol. Psychiatry, 1987,26, 1: 56-64.

48. The PDR Family Guide To Prescription Drugs, 1997, 546-549

 


 

This data above has been acquired over a period of thirty years and is offered as a public service. Data related to specific drug effects are taken from authoritative medical and pharmaceutical references.

I recommend that persons who feel that they suffer or that their children suffer from any of the symptoms described in this brochure seek competent medical examination by non-psychiatric specialists. The purpose of this article is not to provide medical advice but to suggest that one should consult qualified persons and sources in medicine before committing to an irreversible course of "treatment" for your child or another.

If your wish is to raise your child drug free and anyone is trying to force you to put your child on dangerous drugs, I hope this data is of use and will help. Your child has a basic human right to the security of his or her body. This must not be compromised by psychiatry or drug manufacturers or pushers for their monetary gain.

Our children are the future of the civilization. That future is being compromised by drug pushers, some with an, "M.D.," after their names and many of whom are also called psychiatrists. Ritalin use on the children of America is the product of psychiatrists working with the profiteering drug cartels. They must not be allowed to win the chemical warfare they are waging against our future, the children of America.

Dennis H. Clarke

Copyright © 1997 By Dennis H. Clarke. All Rights Reserved

 


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