California's Resolution on the 10th

Asserting State's Rights under the 10th Amendment of the Bill of Rights

This bill was approved and chartered.

The original was found at



April 13, 1994

WHEREAS, The 10th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States reads as follows:

"The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people"; and

WHEREAS, The 10th Amendment defines the total scope of federal power as being that specifically granted by the United States Constitution and no more; and

WHEREAS, The scope of power defined by the 10th Amendment means that the federal government was created by the states specifically to be an agent of the states; and

WHEREAS, Today, in 1994, the states are demonstrably treated as agents of the federal government; and

WHEREAS, Numerous resolutions have been forwarded to the federal government by the California Legislature without any response or result from Congress or the federal government; and

WHEREAS, Many federal mandates are directly in violation of the 10th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States; and

WHEREAS, The United States Supreme Court has ruled in New York v. United States, 112 S. Ct. 2408 (1992), that Congress may not simply commandeer the legislative and regulatory processes of the states; and

WHEREAS, A number of proposals from previous administrations and some now pending from the present administration and from Congress may further violate the United States Constitution; now, therefore, be it

Resolved by the Senate and Assembly of the State of California, jointly, That the State of California hereby claims sovereignty under the 10th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States over all powers not otherwise enumerated and granted to the federal government by the United States Constitution and that this measure shall serve as notice and demand to the federal government, as our agent, to cease and desist, effective immediately, mandates that are beyond the scope of its constitutionally delegated powers; and be it further

Resolved, That the Secretary of the Senate transmit copies of this resolution to the President and Vice President of the United States, the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, the President pro Tempore of the United States Senate, each Senator and Representative from California in the Congress of the United States and to the Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate of each state legislature in the United States of America.



INTRODUCED BY Senators Rogers, Ayala, Bergeson, Beverly, Boatwright, Campbell, Dills, Hill, Hurtt, Johannessen, Kelley, Kopp, Leonard, Leslie, Lewis, Maddy, McCorquodale, Mello, Peace, Presley, Wright, and Wyman (Coauthors: Assembly Members Aguiar, Alby, Allen, Andal, Baca, Boland, Bowen, Bowler, Brulte, Cannella, Conroy, Cortese, Costa, Epple, Ferguson, Frazee, Goldsmith, Harvey, Hauser, Haynes, Hoge, Honeycutt, Horcher, Johnson, Jones, Katz, Knight, Knowles, McPherson, Morrow, Mountjoy, Murray, Pringle, Rainey, Richter, Statham, Takasugi, Tucker, Weggeland, and Woodruff)

 APRIL 14, 1994

 Senate Joint Resolution No. 44 Relative to the 10th Amendment.


 SJR 44, as introduced, Rogers. 10th Amendment.

This measure would declare the state's sovereignty under the 10th Amendment to the United States Constitution and demand that the federal government cease and desist mandates that are beyond the scope of constitutionally delegated powers.

Fiscal committee: no.

[This bill was approved and chartered.]

Cal 10 Res Docs

Yes, it was approved. The text of the final approved version should be on the web site, too. Resolution chapters are published as part of the Statutes of California and are available at county law libraries. I hope this information is helpful. Please feel free to contact us again if we can be of additional assistance.

Genevieve Troka
California State Archives
1020 "O" Street
Sacramento, CA 95814
(916) 653-7715  

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Also see Kentucky 10th Resolution

Also see California State Constitution, Required Oath of Office and excerpts

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